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Map of nationally recognized indigenous and community land. Credit: LandMark  

Indigenous and Local Knowledge in Scenarios

Place based scenario planning has engaged with Indigenous and Local knowledge in a wide variety of ways. Often times this process has been contested, as are the terms  Indigenous Knowledge and Local Knowledge.  A 2021 review paper “Locally Based, Regionally Manifested, and Globally Relevant: Indigenous and Local Knowledge, Values, and Practices for Nature” by Brondízio et al. provides an overview of the area.*

This collection has been organized to respond to the needs of various IPBES assessments which aim to identify how and where Indigenous and Local Knowledge systems have been included in scenario practice. IPBES follows the UN* in defining Indigenous and Local Knowledge systems (ILK systems) as "dynamic bodies of integrated, holistic, social and ecological knowledge, practices and beliefs" which are "grounded in territory," "highly diverse," and "continuously evolving through ... interaction".*


“The Convention on Biological Diversity does not define the terms indigenous and local communities or Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples does not adopt or recommend a universal definition for Indigenous Peoples (Decision CBD/COP/DEC/14/13). As used in the global assessment, Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLCs) is a term used internationally by representatives, organizations, and conventions to refer to individuals and communities who are, on the one hand, self-identified as indigenous and, on the other hand, are members of local communities that maintain inter-generational connection to place and nature through livelihood, cultural identity and worldviews, institutions and ecological knowledge. The term is not intended to ignore differences and diversity within and among Indigenous Peoples and between them and local communities; Indigenous Peoples have recognized and distinct rights, which are not extendable to the broader and encompassing concept of local communities.” From Glossary of IPBES Global Assessment – also chapter 1 (Section  See also:

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