Belize Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan

This case study shows that ecosystem services modelling and scenarios are powerful tools to inform coastal and marine spatial planning decisions.

Scenarios were developed to inform coastal and marine spatial planning decisions in Belize. Stakeholders were engaged in an iterative process of scenario development and ecosystem service impacts were assessed. The results were used to develop the Belize Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan. This ecosystem-based plan -- the first of its kind -- provides guidance for spatially explicit management of coastal resources for multiple uses, including coastal development, conservation and fishing.

Project facts


Coastal Zone


Submitted by:

Katie Arkema

Project leader

How to cite this page:

Katie Arkema

Belize Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan


Arkema, Katie K., Gregory M. Verutes, Spencer A. Wood, Chantalle Clarke-Samuels, Samir Rosado, Maritza Canto, Amy Rosenthal, Mary Ruckelshaus, Gregory Guannel, Jodie Toft, Joe Faries, Jessica M. Silver, Robert Griffin and Anne D. Guerry. 2015. Embedding ecosystem services in coastal planning leads to better outcomes for people and nature. PNAS 112 (24) 7390-7395

Arkema K. and M. Ruckelshaus. 2017. “Transdisciplinary research for conservation and sustainable development planning in the Caribbean.” In Conservation in the Anthropocene Ocean: Interdisciplinary Science in Support of Nature and People. Levin, P & M. Poe, Eds.:pp. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

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Stacey Solie



K. Arkema


Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 
Main ecosystems 
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