Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in SW Ethiopia

We applied participatory scenario planning to provide insights on the future integration of food security and biodiversity goals in southwestern Ethiopia, an area that shares multiple social-ecological system properties of the global south region

Focusing on food security and biodiversity conservation, we conducted a participatory scenario planning in a rural landscape in southwestern Ethiopia. This area is characterized by smallholder farming, rapid population growth, and fast environmental change. For this, by iteratively engaging stakeholders from different sectors and governance levels, we identified social-ecological dynamics, critical uncertainties and produced four plausible future scenarios. These four scenarios differ in the system properties, including land-use strategies, governance mechanisms, feedback mechanisms, and food security and biodiversity outcomes. A clear trade-off was apparent in three scenarios that focused on agricultural intensification practice. In contrast, the biosphere scenario, in which people and biodiversity would benefit from the proactive management of social-ecological interactions, maintains the balance between food security and biodiversity

Project facts

Ethiopia

Oromia Regional State

2019

Submitted by:

Tolera Senbejo Jiren

Project member

How to cite this page:

Tolera Senbejo Jiren

Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in SW Ethiopia

Resources

Jiren, T. S., J. Hanspach, J. Schultner, J. Fischer, A. Bergsten, F. Senbeta, K. Hylander, and I. Dorresteijn. 2020. Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia. Ecology and Society 25(3):24.

Project images

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Jan Hanspach

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Jan Hanspach

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CONTACT

Jan Kuiper

Stockholm Resilience Centre

Stockholm University

www.stockholmresilience.org 

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