Participatory scenario planning to facilitate human–wildlife coexistence
We devised a template for how participatory scenario planning can be applied to identify potential avenues for improving human–wildlife coexistence. We illustrated the application of the template with a case study in the Zambezi region of Namibia.
Our study integrated 3 approaches—the SEEDS framework, the notion of critical uncertainties, and the three-horizons technique—to provide a generally usable template for conducting scenario planning in the context of human-wildlife coexistence. We demonstrated the utility of this template via a case study in the Zambezi region, Namibia. By engaging with stakeholders at multiple governance levels, we identified critical uncertainties and produced four scenarios on the future of human-wildlife coexistence in the study area. In addition, the application of the three horizons showed that stakeholders differ in their preferred scenarios. However, strategies to move toward a better future were widely agreed among stakeholders. For example, increasing community awareness, ensuring stakeholders' participation in decision-making, improving cross-sector and cross-boundary stakeholders coordination, and balancing conservation and livelihood improvements were among the commonly identified strategies. Finally, the template we provided could be applied in the context of human-wildlife in other areas—but specific methodological steps need to be adjusted according to the study area.
Jiren T.S., Riechers M., Kansky R., Fischer J. 2021. Participatory scenario planning to facilitate human-wildlife coexistence. Conservation Biology. Feb 25