Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in SW Ethiopia

We applied participatory scenario planning to provide insights on the future integration of food security and biodiversity goals in southwestern Ethiopia, an area that shares multiple social-ecological system properties of the global south region

Focusing on food security and biodiversity conservation, we conducted a participatory scenario planning in a rural landscape in southwestern Ethiopia. This area is characterized by smallholder farming, rapid population growth, and fast environmental change. For this, by iteratively engaging stakeholders from different sectors and governance levels, we identified social-ecological dynamics, critical uncertainties and produced four plausible future scenarios. These four scenarios differ in the system properties, including land-use strategies, governance mechanisms, feedback mechanisms, and food security and biodiversity outcomes. A clear trade-off was apparent in three scenarios that focused on agricultural intensification practice. In contrast, the biosphere scenario, in which people and biodiversity would benefit from the proactive management of social-ecological interactions, maintains the balance between food security and biodiversity

A post-workshop survey showed that all stakeholders positively evaluated the overall scenario
development process. 67% consider that the scenario planning process would help them to think about the future of their landscape and the need of integrating food
production and biodiversity conservation and 56% agree that it would
facilitate future discussion and cooperation.

The scenarios were made in:

The scenarios look out to:

2019

2040

Project facts

Ethiopia

Oromia Regional State

2019

Submitted by:

Tolera Senbejo Jiren

Project member

23 oktober 2020

How to cite this page:

Tolera Senbejo Jiren

Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in SW Ethiopia

Resources

Jiren, T. S., J. Hanspach, J. Schultner, J. Fischer, A. Bergsten, F. Senbeta, K. Hylander, and I. Dorresteijn. 2020. Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia. Ecology and Society 25(3):24.

Project images

UTAS_Future Seas_Logo_1.jpg

Jan Hanspach

biofutures_graphics.png

biofutures_graphics.png

Jan Hanspach

biofutures_graphics.png

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